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Phase III - Construction
Phase III involves the installation of actual physical control devices in the roadway. These devices are designed to make it less comfortable for the motorist to speed and/or inhibit cut-through traffic. But they are expensive and involve a measure of liability to the city, so it is extremely important that these devices only be installed after exhausting the alternatives provided in Phase I and II. There are specific criteria for the installation of each type of device, and their use is determined by traffic engineering analysis.

Physical Control Devices
Take a more in-depth view at the physical control devices at the Institute of Transportation Engineers website. The devices most used in the program include:
  • Entrance / exit barriers
  • Slow points
  • Speed bumps
  • Traffic circles

Neighborhood Support
Once the core group and city staff have determined a plan for physical devices, it is presented to residents at a community meeting. Input from the residents is incorporated into the plan. Neighborhood support is absolutely essential during the entire process, even more so if physical traffic control devices are to be installed.

The cost to install physical traffic control devices will be borne by the neighborhood, shared by way of the city's special assessment district procedures. Support for installation must be by petition of at least 67% of residents in the affected area.

City Council Acceptance
After petitions have been received and verified, the City Council will be notified of the recommended project. Implementation of the plan is based on acceptance by City Council, after review of budget limitations. Following this approval step, the device(s) will be designed and constructed.

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